Methadone treatment has been in existence in the United States since the 1960's, and it became fairly well-established in the 1970's particularly in the larger metropolitan cities where heroin addiction was more pervasive. In the 1980's, methadone clinics continued to emerge across the country since they successfully helped opioid addicted individuals experience dramatic improvement in their lives.
During the 1990's, this expansion continued and the efficacy of methadone treatment became further substantiated through research. Eventually, full endorsement occurred by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). In November of 1997, the NIH converged to make a formal, consensus statement for this purpose:
To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a reasonable assessment of the effective approaches for treating opiate dependence.
A 12 member panel, assisted by 25 experts, had coordinated a study. Various professional fields were represented including psychology, psychiatry, family ...read more